On January 29th Iran conducted a Missile launch from Semnan Launch facility, where Iran space program has a few complexes. ISI intelligence team has revealed extensive activity around one of the launch pads few days after the reported launch.
FoxNews report, based on American intelligence officials & iSi imagery, suggest that Iran quickly cleaned up the site and
prepared another missile on the same launchpad near Semnan, about 140 miles east of Tehran before it removed.
The officials verified it was an Iran preparing a Safir for launch.
First. The Khorramshahr missile
iSi analysis based on imagery from IAI satellite, EROS-B Very High-Resolution, dating January 24th and February 3rd, 2017,
reveal with high certainty that the civilian Iranian space program launch pad was used to launch a medium-range ballistic
Some media outlets reported its the Khorramshahr missile – a locally produced version of the Musudan, a North Korean
intermediate-range missile. The significant activity spotted at the Missile Assembly structure, and at the surrounding area,
can point not only to the location of the Khorramshahr launch but also revealing what seems to be preparations for additional
Second. The Safir launch preparations
Semnan Launch facility that in regular days looks abandoned is now the center of activity. As FoxNews suggested, those signs indicating
Iran was preparing a Safir for launch and then regretted. The iSi imagery shows that about 12 vehicles are around the launch pad.
One of them is a crane, engaged in fixing one of the telemetry poles that surround the pad.
There is also activity at the missile integration structure and a presence of possibly three other launchers that may indicate an intention for
multiple missile launches shortly.
In our experience, such a change to a launch pad that did not change in years is evidence of a significant event that has happened to it. Also,
a change including “fixing” and cleaning it, plus the surrounding activities, can point to a new launch soon.
It is not clear why the Safir launch abandoned or what Iran is preparing for at the Semnan Launch facility.
“civilian” launch pad
Another aspect observed in the analysis is the dual use of the “civilian” launch pad at Semnan Launch facility. Allegedly, this is a civilian facility
to launch satellites into space, but it seems that Iran uses it as a cover to launch surface-to-ground missiles.
The imagery by EROS-B displays a significant change to the concrete pavement of the launch pad which had a few symbols on it including that
of the Iranian civilian space program. Those symbols cleared by the flames emanating from the missile at launch scorched it all.
Suggested reference points derived from the report
Iran is using a civilian space facility for military purposes (Dual Use).
If the Khoramshar missile is based on the Musudan (BM-25) as popularmechanics.com reported, then Iran adjusted the Semnan Launch
facility for North Korea hardware. This adjustment might indicates on an active cooperation in missile development.
The Musudan missile has a range of 4000 Km~ (2500 miles). This range includes most of Europe cities and the middle east.
The analysis also indicates that Iran continues developing a missile industry. Including mobile IRBM missile with the possibility to load a
nuclear warhead (If Iran will develop such an ability in the future).